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章鱼丸章鱼彩票-2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点

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向学霸进军汇总收拾2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考各科试题及答案,经过此次考试,2020届/2021届高三的考生可了解自己的温习备考状况,一同高一高二的同学也能够作为高考温习资料。

2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考各科试题及答案目录一览

2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考(语文科目)试题及答案

2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考(数学科目)试题及答案

2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考(英语科目)试题及答案

2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考(物理/化学/生物)试题及答案

2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考(地舆/前史/政治)试题及答案

附:高中知识点之高中英语语法

神态动词与虚拟口气

神态动词的根本用法

神态动词具有必定的词义,没有人称和数的改变,有必要和其他动词一同构成谓语,用来标明期望、情绪或估测等。

1.标明才能

(2)标明将来的才能:will be able to

(3)标明曩昔的才能

I can't promise anything, but I'll do what I can.

我不能承诺什么,但我会尽力而为。(标明现在的才能)

The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone was able to get out.

尽管这场大火敏捷延伸到了这个宾馆,可是每个人都逃了出去。(标明曩昔有才能做而且成功地做了)

I could have worked out the problem, but I was too nervous.

我原本能够解出这道题,但我太紧张了。(标明原本有才能做但未做)

2.标明估测(或许性)

或许性可分为客观的或许性和详细作业实践发作的或许性两种。

(1)客观的或许性并不标明详细某事是否会发作,而用来说明人或事物的特征。神态动词can可用于必定句中标明客观的(或理论的)或许性,而标明详细作业实践发作的或许性时, can一般不必于必定句。

Accidents can happen on such rainy days.

在这样的多雨气候里或许会发作事端。(标明客观的或许性)

We may go to the cinema tonight, but we are not sure yet.

今晚咱们或许去看电影,但还没确认。(标明实践或许性,不必can)

(2)标明详细作业实践发作的或许性

标明详细作业实践发作的或许性的层次(由强及弱)比较:

①在必定句中标明估测(must/have to, should/ought to, may, might, could)

a.当说话者表达置疑或犹疑之意时,需用may, might或 could, 其间might, could比may所表达的置疑或犹疑之意更强。

That may be our taxi now!

现在那辆或许便是咱们的出租车了!

That could/might be our taxi (but I doubt it).

那辆有或许是咱们的出租车(但我有所置疑)。

b.当说话者表达毫无疑问的定论时,需用must和have to (较浅显),意为“必定,必定”;should和ought to所表达的程度不如must强,但比may, might和could强,should/ought to标明估测出符合抱负的状况或成果,意为“按说应该”。

He must/has to be the wanted man: He's exactly like the one in this picture.

他必定是被通缉的那个男人:他和这张相片上的人如出一辙。

He ought to/should be here on time — he started early enough.

他应该准时到这儿——他动身得够早的。

②在否定句中标明估测(may not, might not, shouldn't, can't, couldn't)

否定口气较弱时,常用should not (应该不会),或用may not, might not (或许不,或许不);否定口气较强时,则用can't或couldn't (不或许)。

Don't worry. Your father may not have been hurt seriously.

别忧虑,你父亲或许伤得不凶猛。

There shouldn't be any difficulty in getting you a visa.

给你弄个签证应该不会有什么困难。

③在疑问句中标明估测(can, could)

can, could在疑问句中,常标明困惑、不相信等。

There's someone outside — who can it be?

外面有人——会是谁呢?

What can they be doing?

他们或许在干些什么呢?

Could he be serious?

他是确实的吗?

Where can she have put it?

她能把它放在哪儿呢?

3.标明必要性、职责、职责

(1)标明必要性

You needn't have worked that late last night. It was harmful to your health.

你昨夜原本不必作业到那么晚的。那对你的健康有害。

—Must I give up smoking?

—Yes, you must. /No, you needn't.

——我有必要戒烟吗?

——是的,你有必要。/不,你不必。

(2)标明职责、职责

should意为“(职责上)应该”,在口气上比must (有必要)弱。“should+动词原形”标明现在或将来应该……;“should+have+曩昔分词”标明曩昔本该……。

I should go and visit him this afternoon, but I wonder if I will be free.

今天下午我应该去看望他,但我不知道我是否有空。(标明将来应该)

You should have come to the conference yesterday. What was the reason for your absence?

你昨日本应该参与那个会议。你缺席的原因是什么?(标明曩昔本该)

4.标明恳求、主张、指令、答应、制止

(1)标明恳求、主张

①标明恳求答应或提出主张时用:

—May I sit down?我能够坐下吗?

—No, you mustn't.不,你不能够。

Shall the driver wait outside?

司机在外边等着能够吗?

Would you do me a favor?

请帮我一下,好吗?

[名师指津]恳求对方答应时,could标明宛转的口气,答复时要用can。

—Could I use your bike tomorrow morning?

—Yes, you can.(否定:No, I'm afraid not.)

——明日早晨我用一下你的自行车,行吗?

——行,你用吧。(否定:不,恐怕不行。)

②自动提出协助时用:Shall I/we ...?

—What's your name?

—Aaron. Shall I spell it for you?

——你叫什么?

——Aaron。我为你拼出来好吗?

(2)标明指令、答应、制止

must (有必要), mustn't (制止)能够标明说话者的指令或指令,口气比较激烈;should/ought to(应该), shouldn't/oughtn't to (不应该)也可标明说话者的指令、指令,但暗含对对方是否遵从并无掌握;may/might, can 标明答应。

The children must be back by 4 o'clock.

孩子们有必要在4点钟曾经回来。

You mustn't leave the gate open.

你不要让大门敞开着。

You ought to/should apologize.

你应该抱歉(尽管我不知道你是否会这样做)。

You oughtn't to/shouldn't neglect the garden.

你不应该疏于看管花园。

You may/can/might come if you wish.

你想来就来吧。

Passengers may/can/might cross by the footbridge.

乘客可经过步行桥穿曩昔。

5.标明志愿、毅力、决计、许诺

(1)shall与第二、三人称连用,用于陈说句中,标明说话者的毅力,用来表达说话者给对方以指令、指示或许诺。此外,当宣告法令、规守时,也用shall来表达。

It has been announced that candidates shall remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.

已宣告,在所有试卷收上来之前,应试者有必要留在自己的座位上。(规矩或规则)

(2)will, would与各种人称连用,用于陈说句,标明主语的志愿、毅力或决计。

You can stay here as long as you can, if you will.

假如你乐意,你想在这儿待多长时刻就待多长时刻。(标明主语的志愿)

—Mr. Gordon asked me to remind you of the meeting this afternoon. Don't you forget it!

—OK, I won't.

—戈登先生让我提示你今天下午有会议。你可别忘了!

—好的,我不会忘的。(标明决计)

6.标明习气和倾向

will (won't)可用来叙说真理,还可叙说现在的习气,would (wouldn'章鱼丸章鱼彩票-2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点t)能够用来叙说曩昔的习气。

Engines won't run without lubricant.

没有润滑剂发动机就不能作业。

She will listen to records alone in her room for hours.

她独自一人在屋里听唱片,常常一听便是几个小时。

He would spend hours in the bathroom or on the telephone.

他曾经一进洗澡间或是一打电话,往往便是几个小时。

[名师指津]would和used to都可标明曩昔的习气,但前者标明曩昔重复的动作,常与every day, often, frequently等连用;后者标明曩昔的状况或曩昔的习气,但现在已不存在。

When he was abroad, he would read as many books as possible.

在国外时,他总是尽或许多读书。

She doesn't get up so early as she used to.

她不像曾经那样起得那么早了。

7.need和dare的用法

He needn't do it.(神态动词)

He doesn't need to do it.(实义动词)

他不必做这件事。

I didn't know whether he dared say that to him.(神态动词,有时态改变)

我不知道他是否敢对他说那些。

[名师指津](1)dare作神态动词时,还可用于条件状语从句中,曩昔式为dared;(2)作实义动词时,dare用于疑问句或否定句,后边的to也可省掉;(3)I dare say是习气说法,意为“我想,大约”;(4)need作实义动词时,还可标明“需求”,后接动名词的自动方法或不定式的被迫方法标明被迫意义。

He didn't dare (to) do it.(实义动词)

He dared not do it.(神态动词)

他不敢那么做。

神态动词+have done

1.对曩昔发作的作业或状况进行估测

Looking at the large empty apartment, I began aware of how lonely my mother must have been in Brazil herself.

看着这个又大又空的公寓,我开端了解妈妈独自一人在巴西必定也很孑立。

The boy might have known the truth, but I am not quite sure.

那个男孩或许知道了本相,但我不是很确认。

I didn't see her in the meeting room this morning. She couldn't have spoken at th网站建设e meeting.

我今天上午在会议室时没看见她,她不或许在会议上说话。

1.标明“与曩昔现实相反”

He could have gone on regretting it, as too many of us do.

他本能够持续为此而惋惜,正如咱们中很多人相同。

I needn't have taken the umbrella, for the weather is fine.

气候这么好,我本没必要带雨伞的。

You ought to have done this exercise more carefully.

你本应该更细心地做这个操练。

You might have given him more help, though you were busy.

你本能够给他更多协助,尽管你其时很忙。

虚拟口气

1.虚拟口气用于条件状语从句中

(1)虚拟口气在非实在条件句中的运用

If my brother were here, everything would be all right.

要是我哥哥在这儿的话,一切都没问题了。

If it should rain this afternoon, the basketball match would be put off.

要是今天下午下雨,篮球比赛就会被推延。

If you had taken my advice, you would not have failed in the exams.假如你早听了我的主张,你考试就能经过了。

(2)虚拟条件句中的省掉与倒装

假如虚拟条件句中含有were/had/should,有时可把if省掉,把were/had/shoul章鱼丸章鱼彩票-2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点d说到主语之前构成倒装;若为否定方法,not不行提早。

Had he caught the morning train, he would not have been late for the meeting.

要是他赶上了早晨的火车,那他就不会开会迟到了。

(3)错综时刻条件句

有时条件句的动作与主句动章鱼丸章鱼彩票-2019湖南省长郡中学高一高二下学期期末考各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点作发作的时刻不一致,这时动词的方法应根据它们各自标明的时刻加以调整。

If we had booked a table earlier, we wouldn't be standing here in a queue.

假如咱们早些订位子,现在也就不必站在这儿排队了。(if条件句是对曩昔的虚拟,而主句是对现在的虚拟。)

(4)宛转条件句

①有时假定的状况不必条件句表达,而是用but for, without等介词(短语)或上下文来标明。

We wouldn't have finished the project on time without your timely help.

假如没有你的及时协助,咱们就不能准时完结那项工程了。

②用连词otherwise, or等暗示后文与前面的状况相反,然后引出后文的虚拟口气。

I was ill that day. Otherwise, I would have taken part in the sports meeting.

我那天病了,不然,我就参与运动会了。

③虚拟条件经过but暗示出来,方法为“虚拟状况+but+实在状况”。

I would have delivered a speech, but I had a cold that day.

我原本能够做讲演,可是那天我感冒了。

2.虚拟口气用于名词性从句中

(1)在“It is+important/necessary/natural/strange/essential/vital/a pity+that ... ”句型中,that从句中谓语动词用“(should+)动词原形”。

It's vital that we (should) take our safety driving along the road seriously.

认真对待咱们在路上开车时的安全非常重要。

(2)在would rather (that)后的宾语从句中,从句的谓语动词假如标明现在或将来要发作的动作,从句用一般曩昔时;假如标明曩昔发作的动作,从句用曩昔完结时。

I'd rather he had gone to the seaside with me the day before yesterday.

要是他前天和我去海滨就好了。

(3) 句中含有以下单词或变形时,该句中的名词性从句(宾语从句、表语从句、主语从句、同位语从句)部分常用虚拟口气,其谓语动词方法为“should+动词原形”,其间should能够省掉。

He suggested that we (should) start off early the next day.

他主张咱们第二天早点动身。

[名师指津] 当suggest标明“暗示,标明”之意,insist标明“坚持说”之意时,suggest/insist后的宾语从句不运用虚拟口气,而运用陈说口气。

The smile on his face suggested that he was satisfied with our work.

他脸上的浅笑标明他对咱们的作业很满足。

The man insisted that he had never stolen the money.

那个人坚持说他从没有偷过那笔钱。

(4)wish后宾语从句中的虚拟口气

I wish (that) I were ten years younger.

期望我能年青十岁。

I wish (that) I had met that film star yesterday.

我多期望昨日见到了那个影星。

(5)as if/though引导的表语从句和方法状语从句中的虚拟口气

as if/though引导的从句中的谓语动词方法及运用状况与wish后宾语从句中的谓语动词及运用状况相同。

She looks as if nothing had happened to her.

她看起来如同什么事都没有发作似的。

[名师指津] 假如从句中描绘的作业或许会发作,那么从句中的谓语动词可用陈说口气。

It sounds as if it is raining.

听起来像是在下雨。

3.2个特定句式中的虚拟口气

If only I had seen the film.

要是我看过那部电影就好了。

It is high time that we should start/started out.

咱们该动身了。

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